1. Environment Minister Releases India’s National Redd+ Strategy
- REDD means “Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation”.
- First negotiated under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2005.
- It is the collaborative programme of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
- Its main objective is to reduce greenhouse gases.
- REDD+ means “Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation”, conservation of forest carbon stocks, sustainable management of forests, and enhancement of forest carbon stocks in developing countries.
- REDD+ aims to achieve climate change mitigation by incentivizing forest conservation.
National REDD+ Strategy
- It has been prepared by Indian Council of Forestry Research & Education (ICFRE), Dehradun.
- It will further supplement India’s commitment of the 2015 Paris agreement.
- Under it, Green Skill Development programme will be launched.
- The National REDD+ Strategy will soon be communicated to the UNFCCC.
2. HRD Ministry introduces Atal ranking for institutions to promote innovation.
Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements (ARRIA).
- Named after former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee.
- It will be launched on 15th October, on the occasion of the birth anniversary of former President APJ Abdul Kalam.
- To promote a culture of innovation and research in higher education.
- ARIIA will rank educational institutions for innovation output based on all major indicators and parameters used globally.
3. INS Sahyadri reaches Australia for Exercise KAKADU 2018
- Exercise KAKADU, which started in 1993.
- It is a premier multilateral regional maritime engagement.
- Hosted by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) and supported by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).
- It is held biennially in Darwin and the Northern Australian Exercise Areas (NAXA).
- KAKADU 2018, the fourteenth edition of the exercise.
- It would see participation from 23 warships, one submarine, 45 aircraft, 250 marines and approximately 52 foreign staff from over 25 different countries.
- Exercise KAKADU derives its name from Kakadu National Park, which is a protected area in the northern territory of Australia, 171 km south-east of Darwin.
Source- Economic Times
4. MoU signed between Department of Biotechnology and International Energy Agency on Enhancing Innovation for the Clean Energy Transition
The International Energy Agency (IEA)
- IEA is a Paris-based autonomous intergovernmental organization.
- Established in the framework of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 1974 in the wake of the 1973 oil crisis.
- India is not a member of IEA.
- Only the OECD member states can become members of the IEA.
- Except for Chile, Iceland, Israel, and Slovenia, all OECD member states are members of the IEA.
- In 2014, Estonia joined the IEA and became its 29th member.
- Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Morocco, Singapore and Thailand are the associate members of IEA.
- It publishes the World Energy Outlook.
5. Law Commission’s report on the wrongful prosecution
Key Highlights of the report:
- The Commission has recommended the enactment of a specific legal provision for redressal of cases of wrongful prosecution.
- To provide relief to the victims of wrongful prosecution in terms of monetary and non-monetary compensation (such as counselling, mental health services, vocational / employment skills development etc.) within a statutory framework.
- The report enumerates the core principles of the recommended framework- defining ‘wrongful prosecution’ i.e., cases in which claim for compensation can be filed, designation of a Special Court to decide these claims of compensation, nature of proceedings.
- Timeline for deciding the claim, etc., financial and other factors to be considered while determining the compensation, provisions for interim compensation in certain cases, removal of disqualification on account of wrongful prosecution/conviction etc.
- The wrongful prosecution is identified as ‘miscarriage of justice’ that takes place after a person has been wrongfully convicted but is later found to be factually innocent basis a new fact/proof coming to light.
- It would include both the cases where the person spent time in prison as well as where he did not.
- The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (‘ICCPR’, ratified by India) also creates an obligation on the State parties to enact a law to compensate the victims of such miscarriage of justice.
6. The 21st All India Review Meeting on Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) recently held
Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS)
- Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) is a scheme formulated on 23rd December 1993.
- It provides that each member of parliament of India has the choice to suggest to the Head of the District works to the tune of ₹5 crore per year, to be taken up in his/her constituency.
- Initially, this scheme was administered by the Ministry of Rural Development.
- Later, in October 1994, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI) has been looking into its working.
- Elected Members of Rajya Sabha representing the whole of the State as they do, may select works for implementation in one or more district(s) as they may choose.
- Nominated Members of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha may also select works for implementation in one or more districts, anywhere in the country.
- It also allows MPs to spend up to ₹10 lakh in any other constituency in India.
7. Swadhar Greh
- Swadhar –A Scheme for Women in Difficult Circumstances.
- It was launched by the Department of Women and Child Development.
- In 2015.
- The Scheme envisages providing shelter, food, clothing and health as well as economic and social security for these women
- It targets those women victims of difficult circumstances who are in need of institutional support for rehabilitation so that they could lead their life with dignity.
- Swadhar Greh is a DBT compliant scheme.
8. Law panel says uniform civil code not desirable now, reform family laws first.
- The Law Commission has taken a stand in favour of “equality ‘within communities’ between men and women” (personal law reform), “rather than ‘equality between’ communities” (UCC).
- It said that the Uniform Civil Code is “neither necessary nor desirable at this stage.
- It cited Sati, the devadasi, triple talaq and child marriage as examples of ‘social evils’ under the garb of religious customs.
- The Commission has held that a Parsi woman should be allowed to retain her identity even if she marries outside the community and that their children should be allowed to inherit if they choose Zoroastrianism, and not their father’s religion.
- It has recommended for a ‘Muslim Code of Inheritance and Succession’, applicable to both Sunnis and the Shias, so that succession and inheritance be based on ‘proximity to the deceased rather than preference to male agnates heirs’.
- The Commission includes compulsory marriage registration, rectifying the inequality in the age of consent for marriage (18 for girls 21 for boys) as it ‘simply contributes to the stereotype that wives must be younger than their husbands.
- Allowing transgender persons to adopt.
- Introduction of a new grounds for ‘no-fault’ divorce, taking ‘best interest of the child’ as the basis for matters of custody and defining the rights of persons with disabilities within marriage.
Source- The Indian Express