1. Kathmandu Declaration
- It was announced in the 4th BIMSTEC summit.
- Strong commitment to combat terrorism
- Prevent the financing of terrorists and terrorist actions from territories under their control.
- Blocking recruitment and cross-border movement of terrorists.
- Countering radicalization.
- Countering misuse of the internet for purposes of terrorism and dismantling terrorist safe havens.
- Underlined the importance of multidimensional connectivity.
The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC)
- BIMSTEC is a regional organization.
- The countries lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal are its members.
- Came into being on 6th June 1997.
- Through the Bangkok Declaration.
- It constitutes seven Member States:
- Sri Lanka
Source- The Hindu
2. India and Pakistan have agreed to undertake the Indus Waters Treaty mandated tours.
- Both sides to resolve issues on the various hydroelectric projects, including the Pakal Dul and Lower Kalnai in Jammu and Kashmir.
Indus Water Treaty
- India and Pakistan signed the Indus Waters Treaty in 1960.
- After nine years of negotiations, with the World Bank being a signatory.
- Under the provisions of the Indus Water Treaty 1960:
(a) Waters of the eastern rivers- Sutlej, Beas and Ravi- had been allocated to India
(b) Western rivers- the Indus, Jhelum and Chenab- to Pakistan, except for certain non-consumptive uses for India.
The Pakal Dul Dam
- The Pakal Dul Dam is a proposed concrete-face rock-fill dam on the Marusadar River, a tributary of the Chenab River, in Jammu and Kashmir.
- It is 1000 MW hydroelectric power generation project.
- It will divert water to the south into power station on the reservoir of the Dul Hasti Dam, on the Chenab.
- Pakistan, who relies on the Chenab downstream, views the dam as a violation of the Indus Water Treaty, whereas India states it is as per Treaty Provisions.
- On Lower Kalnai Nalla, a tributary of river Chenab, in Jammu and Kashmir.
- It is 43 MW hydroelectric power generation project.
3. 4th International Ayurveda Congress
- International Ayurveda Congress is a joint effort of three organizations:
(a) The International Maharishi Ayurveda Foundation, from The Netherlands
(b) The All India Ayurvedic Congress, New Delhi.
(c) The International Academy of Ayurveda, Pune.
- These International Congresses are held regularly, at least once in two years.
- It aims to establish Ayurveda as the most ancient, scientific and holistic health care system, which is capable of leading the world towards an increasingly disease-free society.
- Previous Congress:
(a) 2010 -Klagenfurt, Austria.
(b) 2015- Roermond, the Netherlands.
(c) 2017- London, United Kingdom.
(d) 2018- The Netherlands.
4. Astronomers capture the clearest image yet of ‘monster galaxy’ 12 billion light years from Earth.
- The ‘monster galaxy’ is around 12 billion light years from Earth.
- It gives birth to new stars around 1,000 times faster than our own galaxy, the Milky Way.
- It has been christened ‘COSMOS-AzTEC-1’.
- The scientists used the ALMA Observatory in Chile to capture observations the galaxy with a resolution 10 times greater than any previous effort.
- The Milky Way has a single, thick core with spiral arms stretching outwards.
- But COSMOS-AzTEC-1 has three cores – or two smaller cores that exist with their own discs many light years away from the centre one.
- In a normal galaxy, the gravity pushing inwards and pressure pushing outwards are balanced.
- But this one is experiencing a massive gravitational collapse that is probably what’s causing its fast-paced star formation.
The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA)Observatory
- ALMA is an astronomical interferometer of radio telescopes in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile.
- The array has been constructed on the Chajnantor plateau at an elevation of 5,000m.
- It consists of 66 radio telescopes.
- ALMA is an international partnership among Europe, the United States, Canada, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and Chile.
- It is the most expensive ground-based telescope in operation.
- ALMA is expected to provide insight on star birth during the early universe and detailed imaging of local star and planet formation.
5. Govt comes out with draft rules for e-pharmacies to regulate online sale of medicines.
- For regulating the online sale of medicines across the country.
- It aims at providing patients access to genuine drugs from authentic online portals.
- It states that no person will distribute or sell, stock, exhibit or offer for sale of drugs through the e-pharmacy portal unless registered.
- Any person who intends to conduct the business of e-pharmacy shall apply for the grant of registration to the Central Licensing Authority through the online portal of the Central Government.
- However, the sale of tranquillisers, psychotropic drugs, narcotics and habit-forming drugs have been prohibited through these portals.
6. For the first time, Census 2021 to collect data on OBCs
- It comes after implementation of 27% reservation for OBCs on the basis of Mandal Commission’s recommendations.
- The data was collected in the 1931 census.
- The decennial exercise will involve 25 lakh trained enumerators and the use of “maps/georeferencing at the time of house listing.
- The Census Organization was set up on an ad-hoc basis for each Census till the 1951 Census when the Census Act was enacted in 1948 to provide for the scheme of conducting population census with duties and responsibilities of census officers.
Source- The Hindu
7. China-Maldives Friendship Bridge
- It is the first cross-sea bridge to be built in the Maldives.
- The bridge is an iconic project of the Maldives and China in co-building the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.
- The 2-km bridge connects capital Male and neighbouring Hulhule island where the Maldives’ main international airport is located.
- The bridge has made it possible for locals and tourists to transit between the two islands on land within five minutes.
Source- The Telegraph
8. Union Home Minister chairs first review meeting of Department of Official Language.
- The Department of Official Language was set up in June 1975 as an independent Department of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
- The department has developed a computer software called “Kanthasth”for translating the all kinds of official files from English to Hindi and vice versa to make the translation work simpler and quicker.
- An E-learning platform called the “Pravah” also being developed by the department for use in 16 Indian languages including English. Anybody can learn Hindi through his mother tongue with the help of this E-learning platform.
9. Justice Ranjan Gogoi to be next Chief Justice of India
- Justice Ranjan Gogoi is set to take over as the new Chief Justice of India (CJI).
- He will replace incumbent CJI Justice Dipak Misra (will retire on 1st October 2018).
- Justice Gogoi will be sworn in as CJI (46th) on October 3, 2018, and will hold the post till 17th November 2019.
- The Chief Justice of India (CJI) is the head of the judiciary of India and the Supreme Court of India.
- As head of the supreme court, the chief justice is responsible for the allocation of cases and appointment of constitutional benches which deal with important matters of law.
- Article 124 of the Constitution of India provides for the manner of appointing judges to the Supreme Court.