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04 September Current Affair For All Competition Exams

1. Cyprus reaffirms its support to India for its NSG membership; its claim for being inducted as the permanent member of UNSC

  • India and Cyprus have expressed concern over the threat of terrorism and called for the early adoption of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism at the United Nations.

Related information

Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)

  • NSG is a multilateral export control regime and a group of nuclear supplier countries.
  • It seeks to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons.
  • The NSG was founded in response to the Indian nuclear test in May 1974 and first met in November 1975.
  • It has also been referred to as the London Group, or the London Suppliers Group.
  • The NSG Chair for 2018-2019 is Latvia.
  • NSG has 48 participating governments.
  • Both India and Pakistan are not its member.

Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

  • Commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty or NPT.
  • It is an international treaty.
  • The objective is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and weapons technology, to promote cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, and to further the goal of achieving nuclear disarmament and general and complete disarmament.
  • It has three pillars:
  1. Non-proliferation.
  2. Disarmament.
  3. The right to peacefully use nuclear technology.
  • It was signed in 1st July 1968 and became effective from 5th March 1970.
  • Located in Moscow, Russia; London, UK; Washington DC, United States.
  • It has 190 members.

NOTE-

  • Four UN member states have never accepted the NPT, three of which are thought to possess nuclear weapons: India, Israel, and Pakistan.
  • In addition, South Sudan, founded in 2011, has not joined.

United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

  • The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations.
  • Charged with the maintenance of international peace and security.
  • Founded in 1945.
  • The Security Council consists of fifteen members.
  • The 5 permanent members are:
  1. The Russian Federation
  2. The United Kingdom
  3. France
  4. China
  5. The United States
  • These permanent members can veto any substantive Security Council resolution, including those on the admission of new member states or candidates for Secretary-General.
  • The Security Council also has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve two-year terms.
  • The body’s presidency rotates monthly among its member.

Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism 

  • The Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism is a proposed treaty which intends to criminalize all of international terrorism and deny terrorists, their financiers and supporters access to funds, arms, and safe havens
  • Currently, the negotiations of the Comprehensive Terrorism Convention are deadlocked because of differences over the definition of terrorism. 
  • India proposed this convention in 1996 and has since demanded consistently, especially in the wake of the 2008 Mumbai attacks.
  • India further pressed for the adoption of CCIT following the July 2016 Dhaka attack.

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Source- AIR

2. India along with 23 other nations to participate in tsunami mock drill

Related Information

IOWave18

  • IOWave18 exercise is being organised by the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, which coordinated the setting up of the Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (IOTWMS) in the aftermath of December 2004 tsunami.
  • The primary objective is to enhance tsunami preparedness at the community level. 
  • The purpose of the exercise is to increase tsunami preparedness, evaluate response capabilities in each state and improve coordination throughout the region.

Indian Tsunami Early Warning Centre (ITEWC)

  • ITEWC, based out of the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS), Hyderabad.
  • It is an autonomous institution.
  • Under the Union Ministry of Earth Sciences.
  • It has been operational since October 2007. 

The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC-UNESCO),

  • IOC-UNESCO established in 1960 as a body with functional autonomy within UNESCO.
  • It is the only competent organization for marine science within the UN system.
  • The purpose of the commission is to promote international cooperation and to coordinate programmes in research, services and capacity-building.

Source- AIR

3. East Asia Summit (EAS)

Related information

East Asia Summit (EAS)

  • EAS is an initiative of ASEAN and is based on the premise of the centrality of ASEAN.
  • It has 18 members.
  • EAS meetings are held after annual ASEAN leaders’ meetings.
  • The membership of EAS consists of:
    1. Ten ASEAN Member States (i.e. Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, the Philippines and Vietnam)
    2. Australia
    3. China
    4. India
    5. Japan
    6. New Zealand
    7. Republic of Korea
    8. Russian Federation
    9. The USA.
  • The concept of an East Asia Grouping was first promoted in 1991 by the then Malaysian Prime Minister, Mahathir bin Mohamad.
  • Summits:
    (a) The first summit was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 14thDecember 2005.
    (b) 12th – 2017 – Pasay, Philliphines.
    (c) 13th – 2018 – Central Area, Singapore.
    (d) 14th – 2019- Thailand.

Source- AIR

4. For the first time in 9 years, RBI buys 8.46 tonne of gold

NOTE-

  • Last time the apex bank purchased gold was in November 2009, when it had bought 200 tonnes of yellow metal from the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Related Information

Reserve Bank of India (RBI)

  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is India’s central banking institution.
  • It controls the monetary policy of the Indian rupee.
  • It commenced its operations on 1st April, 1935 in accordance with the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934.
  • The RBI plays an important part in the Development Strategy of the Government of India.
  • It is a member bank of the Asian Clearing Union.
  • Headquarters in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Source- The Hindu

5. Typhoon “Jebi”

  • “Jebi” – whose name means “swallow” in Korean.
  • It is the latest harsh weather to hit Japan.
  • It is set to make landfall on Shikoku, the smallest main island.
  • It is believed to cross the western part of the largest main island, Honshu, and Osaka, the nation’s second-largest city.

Source- The Hindu

6. National Nutrition Month is being celebrated across the country to mark the fight against malnutrition

  • The Nutrition Month will also focus on adolescent girls, pregnant women and lactating mothers to eliminate the deficiencies prevailing in the Health sector.
  • The decision to celebrate September as the National Nutrition Month every year was taken during the second meeting of National Council on India’s Nutrition Challenges under the Poshan Abhiyaan.

Related Information

POSHAN Abhiyaan

  • POSHAN Abhiyaan- the National Nutrition Mission was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 8th March, 2018 in Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan.
  • With the aim to bring down the stunting of children in the age group of 0-6 years from 38 per cent to 25 per cent by 2022.
  • It aims to reduce the level of under-nutrition and other related problems on nutrition-related issues.
  • It also aims to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anaemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and low birth rate.
  • It is being supported by World Bank assisted Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Systems Strengthening and Nutrition Improvement Project (ISSNIP) for reaching out to all districts in the country by 2022

Source- AIR

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7. Ukraine launched joint military drills with NATO

  • Ukraine launched joint military exercises with the United States and a string of other NATO.

Related Information

Rapid Trident military exercise

  • The Rapid Trident exercises is held each year since 1996.
  • It is designed to test and build Ukraine’s interoperability with NATO allies and partners.

Source- Business Standard

8. Bangkok climate intersession

  • An interim climate intersession is scheduled to be held in Bangkok from September 4-9, 2018 before the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP24) at Katowice in Poland this December.
  • In Katowice, Parties have the mandate to finalise and adopt the “rule book” for implementation of the Paris Agreement.

Related information

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

  • The UNFCCC is an international environmental treaty.
  • Adopted on 9th May 1992 and opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992.
  • It then entered into force on 21 March 1994.
  • The UNFCCC objective is to “stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system”.
  • It is non- binding treaty.
  • Headquartered in New York City, New York, U.S.

Source- Down to earth

9. Several experimental drugs being tested in Congo to halt Ebola

Related Information

Ebola

  • The disease was first identified in 1976.
  • Near the Ebola River from which the disease takes its name.
  • The outbreaks occur intermittently in tropical regions of sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Ebola virus disease, in humans, is caused by four of five viruses of the genus Ebolavirus:
  1. Bundibugyo virus (BDBV)
  2. Sudan virus (SUDV)
  3. Taï Forest virus (TAFV)
  4. Ebola virus (formerly Zaire Ebola virus)
  5. Reston virus (RESTV)(is not thought to cause disease in humans, but has caused disease in other primates)
  • Zaire ebolavirus is the most dangerous of the known EVD-causing viruses and is responsible for the largest number of outbreaks.
  • Ebola disease spreads only by direct contact with the blood or other body fluids of a person who has developed symptoms of the disease.

NOTE

  • Liberia first country to be declared Ebola-free.
  • Sierra Leone was declared free of Ebola transmission and Guinea in 2015.

Source- Down to earth

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