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06 June Current Affair For All Competition Exam

  1. India among the top five countries in e-waste generation
  • According to the recent study of ASSOCHAM-NEC, India continues to be generating highest e-waste vis-à-vis China, USA, Japan and Germany.
  • In India, Maharashtra contributes the largest e-waste of 19.8%, followed by Tamil Nadu (13%) and Uttar Pradesh (10.1%) respectively.
  • E-waste generated in India is about 2 million TPA (tonnes per annum), the quantity that is recycled is about 4,38,085 TPA.
  • The sad part is that a mere 5% of India’s total e-waste gets recycled due to poor infrastructure, legislation and framework which lead to a waste of diminishing natural resources, irreparable damage of environment and health of the people working in the industry.
  • Over 95% of e-waste generated is managed by the unorganised sector and scrap dealers in this market, dismantle the disposed of products instead of recycling it.

Related Information

E-waste

  • E-waste includes all forms of waste products containing as a manufacturing component that runs on either battery or power supply.
  • E-waste typically includes discarded computer monitors, motherboards, Cathode Ray Tubes (CRT), Printed Circuit Board (PCB), mobile phones and chargers, compact discs etc.
  • High and prolonged exposure to these chemicals/ pollutants emitted during unsafe e-waste recycling leads to damage to nervous systems, blood systems, kidneys and brain development etc.
  • Computer equipment accounts for almost 70% of e-waste material followed by telecommunication equipment (12%), electrical equipment (8%) and medical equipment (7%).

Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM)

  • The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) is one of the apex trade associations of India.
  • The goal of this organisation is to promote both domestic and international trade and reduce trade barriers while fostering the conducive environment for the growth of trade and industry of India.
  • ASSOCHAM was established in 1920 by promoter chambers, representing all regions of India.

Source- Times of India

  1. S-400 missile deal with Russia
  • India has made it clear that it will go ahead with the Rs 39,000-crore deal with Russia for the S-400 Triumf air defence missile systems for the IAF despite US sanctions on Russia.
  • Top American lawmakers and experts have warned that imposition of sanctions on India under CAATSA if it bought the S-400 air defence missile system from Russia could be disastrous for Indo-US ties.

Related Information

Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA)

  • The Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, CAATSA is a United States federal law that imposed sanctions on Iran, North Korea, and Russia.

Source- Indian Express

  1. State of India’s Environment (SoE) in Figures, 2018
  • India, which was ranked 141 out of total 180 countries on the Global Environmental Performance Index (EPI) rankings in 2016, has slipped further to the 177th position this year.
  • Failure to improve its air quality, protect biodiversity and cut greenhouse gas emissions has been cited as the reason for placing the country at the bottom, according to the State of India’s Environment (SoE) 2018 in Figures.
  • The SoE in Figures is an annual compendium of environmental statistics put together by Down To Earth magazine, which Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) helps publish.
  • The country is far behind in achieving any of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and ranked at 116 out of 157.
  • Six out of Ten Indians continue to be poor, surviving on less than the US $3.20 per day.

What does the SoE in Figures say about key environmental parameters?

  • The state of our air: India scored 5.75 out of 100 in air quality.
  • India’s disappointing performance and the gravity of the situation is further highlighted when compared with countries such as Switzerland and Japan which have scored over 90.

The state of our water

  • The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation launched the “Har Ghar Jal Yojana” to provide piped water supply to every household by 2030 to meet the Sustainable Development Goals.
  • However, in 18 Indian states and UTs, over 82 Percent rural households, which is the national average, remain without a tapped connection.
  • The dependency on groundwater has increased between 2004 and 2013.

The state of our sanitation

  • Under the Swachh Bharat scheme, 72.1 million individual household toilets in rural India have been constructed; however, little has been done to popularise their use.

The state of our energy

  • After missing its targets for two consecutive years, the Centre, it appears, is fast losing interest in meeting its ambitious target of installing 175 gigawatts (GW) renewable energy by 2022.
  • Centre’s Ujjwala Yojana has covered all states, but LPG distribution has taken place significantly in only 15 states. And even here, a substantial portion of rural population relies on unhealthy firewood for cooking.

The state of our forests

  • While India’s total forest cover has registered a 0.2 Percent increase between 2015 and 2017, there are some serious concerns over the growth pattern.
  • The bulk of the increase has taken place in the open forest category, which includes commercial plantations–which is worrying.
  • Overall, there has been a 146 Percent increase in forestland diversion for non-forest activities in the past one year with maximum diversions recorded in Madhya Pradesh, Telangana and Odisha.
  • Increasing number of forest fires in the country–which have gone up by 125 Percent within just two years (2015-2017).

The SoE on environmental crimes

  • Since the National Green Tribunal (NGT) was set up in 2010, the number of environment-related police cases seem to be gradually decreasing.
  • However, the number of court cases has drastically gone up.

Related Information

Environmental Performance Index (EPI)

  • EPI ranking is a bi-annual report produced by researchers at Yale and Columbia Universities in collaboration with the World Economic Forum.

Source- Down to Earth

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  1. Parliamentary Standing Committee on Finance to get Sansad Ratna Award
  • The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Finance will be awarded the Sansad Ratna Award 2018 for its outstanding performance.
  • Veerappa Moily, Chairman of the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Finance will receive the award.
  • There are 24 Departmentally Related Standing Committees in Parliament. Sixteen are known as Lok Sabha Committees and eight as Rajya Sabha Committees.
  • In addition, seven MPs (six from Lok Sabha and one from Rajya Sabha) will also be honoured with the Sansad Ratna Award for their individual performances.
  • These awards were instituted by Prime Point Foundation in 2010 based on the suggestion given by late President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam to celebrate achievers.

Source- Business Standards

  1. Geo-Intelligence Asia – 2018
  • The Eleventh edition of GeoIntelligence Asia 2018 organised by GeoSpatial Media and Communication with Directorate General of Information System as Knowledge Partners and Military Survey as Co-organisers.
  • The theme of Seminar was ‘GeoSpatial: A Force Multiplier for Defence and Industrial Security’.
  • The seminar brought together the military, security officials including BSF and Police Forces, Government and industry together to examine the latest technology solutions and on the critical role of geospatial technology in military and security applications.

Source-PIB

  1. Taj Declaration to Beat Plastic Pollution adopted in Agra
  • A ‘Taj Declaration to Beat Plastic Pollution’ was adopted as part of which efforts would be made to make the 500-metre area around the 17th-century monument litter-free.

Source- The Hindu

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