- Indigenous “CUSAT Stratosphere-Troposphere Radar” to track monsoon winds now functional
- The new radar named – CUSAT Stratosphere-Troposphere Radar (CUSAT ST-205 Radar)- throws 205 MHz radio waves to detect the atmospheric perturbations.
- The radar designed and fabricated in India adds to the already available radars and Sonars to keep a close watch on the way winds move in the upper atmosphere.
- Weather radars detect perturbations in wind and water content of the atmosphere using the same principle.
- The radar scans the sky horizontally and vertically in small steps of 1 degree thus getting a three-dimensional picture of the atmosphere.
- While scanning it throws a pulse of radio waves of 200 to 205 MHz frequency at the atmosphere and waits for it to bounce back.
- The radar situated in Cochin University of Science and Technology in Cochin- a strategic place where the monsoon makes the first entry into the subcontinent, the new radar will add to further the precision of weather, especially the monsoon, in India.
Source- Down to Earth
- Uttar Pradesh grants 3 forest villages revenue status under FRA
- Three villages inhabited by the Tongia Scheduled Tribe in and around forests in Saharanpur district, Uttar Pradesh will be given the status of revenue village under the Forest Rights Act, 2006, (FRA).
- Kaluwala, Sodhinagar and Bhagwatpur were given the revenue status, which means that the village area will come under the revenue department instead of forest department.
- The FRA has a provision for turning forest villages into revenue villages so that civic facilities reach these areas.
Forest Rights Act (FRA)
- The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, is a key piece of forest legislation passed in India on 18 December 2006.
- It has also been called the Forest Rights Act, the Tribal Rights Act, the Tribal Bill, and the Tribal Land Act.
- Eligible People-
(a) Those who “primarily reside in forests” and who depend on forests and forest land for a livelihood.
(b) Either the claimant must be a member of the Scheduled Tribes scheduled in that area or must have been residing in the forest for 75 years.
Rights have given under the Forest Rights Act
(a) Title rights
- Ownership – to land that is being farmed by tribal or forest dwellers as on 13 December 2005, subject to a maximum of 4 hectares
- ownership is only for land that is actually being cultivated by the concerned family as on that date, meaning that no new lands are granted.
(b) Use rights
- To minor forest produce (also including ownership), to grazing areas, to pastoralist routes, etc.
(c) Relief and development rights
- To rehabilitation in case of illegal eviction or forced displacement and to basic amenities, subject to restrictions for forest protection.
(d) Forest management rights
- To protect forests and wildlife
Source- Down to Earth
- UN member states approved USD 6.69 billion for 13 peacekeeping operations in 2018-19
- The Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary) of the General Assembly recommended authorisation of USD 6.69 billion to finance 13 peacekeeping missions from July 1, 2018, to June 30, 2019.
- The missions include-
(a) MINUJUSTH (United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti),
(b) MINURSO (Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara),
(c) MINUSCA (Multidimensional Integrated Stabilisation Mission in the Central African Republic),
(d) MONUSCO (Stabilisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo) and UNIFIL (Interim Force in Lebanon).
- The Committee also approved significant management reforms including the creation of two new departments focused on political and peacebuilding affairs and four stand-alone divisions for Africa.
- Affirming “Middle East Division” as the name of the related new regional division, the lead responsibility for the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) and United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) would be placed in the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs.
- The United States is the biggest contributor to the United Nations. China is the other top contributor with 10.3 per cent and Japan with 9.7 per cent.
Source- Indian Express
- PM to inaugurate the statue of unity on October 31
- Prime Minister will inaugurate the Statue of Unity on 31st October, the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
- The Statue of Unity, being built near the Sardar Sarovar dam on the Narmada river, in memory of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
- The construction of plinth and pillars of the 182m tall structure is over.
- The ambitious Statue of Unity, supposed to be the tallest statue in the world.
Source- DD News
- Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel appointed as chairman of National Green Tribunal
- Justice Adarsh Kumar Goel was appointed as the chairperson of National Green Tribunal.
- He is best remembered for passing the controversial judgment on diluting provisions of the SC/ST Act.
- Justice Goel and his colleague UU Lalit’s decision allowing anticipatory bail for the accused in certain cases registered under the SC/ST Act had led to widespread protests and violence by Dalit groups across the nation and led to seven deaths.
- With the retirement of Goel, the strength of the Supreme Court goes down to 22 against a maximum of 31 judges.
National Green Tribunal
- NGT Act, 2010 is an Act of the Parliament of India which enables the creation of a special tribunal to handle the expeditious disposal of the cases pertaining to environmental issues.
- It draws inspiration from India’s constitutional provision of Article 21, which assures the citizens of India the right to a healthy environment.
- The Tribunal has Original Jurisdiction on matters of “substantial question relating to environment” & “damage to the environment due to specific activity”.
- The first chairperson of the tribunal was Justice Lokeshwar Singh Panta.
Source- Indian Express
- Malappuram set to become first cyber-literate district
- Malappuram, Kerala is set to achieve a new distinction of being the first cyber-literate district in the country.
Source- The Hindu
- AAI to set up Civil Aviation Research Organisation
- State-run Airports Authority of India (AAI) will set up a Civil Aviation Research Organisation (CARO) aimed at “finding indigenous solutions” to meet the challenges posed by the growing air traffic.
- CARO will be set up at Begumpet Airport, Hyderabad.
Source- Business Standard