- India not yet ready to sign the Hague treaty
- The government is not yet ready to sign the Hague treaty on the inter-country abduction of children by parents fleeing a bad marriage.
- There has been immense pressure from the U.S. on the government to sign the treaty though the government has long held the view that the decision could lead to harassment of women escaping marital discord or domestic violence.
- A committee constituted by the Centre to examine legal issues involved in international parental abduction submitted its report in April 2018, opposing a central provision of the Hague Convention.
- It also recommended setting up of a Child Removal Disputes Resolution Authority to act as a nodal body to decide on the custody of the child as well as a model law to deal with such disputes.
- However, the government is contemplating assigning the National Commission for Protection of Children the responsibility to adjudicate on such cases along with a judicial expert.
Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction
- It is a multilateral treaty developed by the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) that provides an expeditious method to return a child internationally abducted by a parent from one member country to another.
- The Convention has concluded 25 October 1980 and entered into force between the signatories on 1 December 1983.
- The Convention was drafted to ensure the prompt return of children who have been abducted from their country of habitual residence or wrongfully retained in a contracting state not their country of habitual residence.
- The Convention applies only to children under the age of 16.
- Currently, there are 98 states are party to the convention.
- In 2017, Tunisia and Jamaica acceded to the convention.
Source- The Hindu
- Fuego volcano’s eruption
- Volcan de Fuego, which means “Volcano of Fire is an active stratovolcano in Guatemala.
- Volcan de Fuego exploded on June 3 in its most devastating eruption in more than four decades, showering ash on a wide area and sending rapid pyroclastic flows through nearby towns.
- Satellite pictures showed a lava- and ash-ravaged landscape in southern Guatemala after Fuego volcano’s calamitous eruption, which has killed at least 99 people.
Source- DD news
- Three Indian cities among top 10 for GDP risk from terrorism
- Three Indian cities, including Delhi, Mumbai and Bengaluru are ranked among the top 10 cities globally for GDP risk from terrorism threats.
- Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore stood at fifth, sixth and seventh in this aspect, in the latest edition of Lloyd’s India’s City Risk Index (CRI).
- The study further noted that threats from conflict and terrorism account for more than half (58 per cent) of the risk to India’s economic output annually amounting to USD 9 billion.
- Lloyd’s City Risk Index (CRI) has measured GDP risk from 22 separate threats in 279 cities across the world.
- The findings for India reflect the geopolitical tension in the region.
- Lloyd’s CRI included 10 major cities in India, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kanpur, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pune and Surat.
Source- Economic Times
- India shows impressive gains in reduction of Maternal Mortality with 22% reduction since 2013
- India registered a significant decline in Maternal Mortality Ratio.
- According to the just-released SRS bulletin (2016), India has shown impressive gains in reduction of Maternal Mortality with 22% reduction in since 2013.
- Maternal Mortality Ratio of India has declined from 167 in 2011-2013 to 130 in 2014-2016.
- The decline has been most significant in the EAG (Empowered Action Group) States and Assam from 246 to 188. Among the Southern States, the decline has been from 93 to 77 and in the Other States from 115 to 93.
- The latest SRS figures reveal that we have gone beyond the MDG target of Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of 139 by 2015 and have reached 130.
- Amongst the States, Uttar Pradesh with 30% decline has topped the chart in the reduction of Maternal Deaths.
- Three states have already met the SDG target for MMR of 70 per 100,000. These are Kerala, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu, while Andhra Pradesh and Telangana are within striking distance.
Initiatives by Government
- Mission Indradhanush and Intensified Mission Indradhanush
- Janani Suraksha Yojana– a conditional cash transfer scheme to motivate pregnant women for institutional deliveries. It is under National Rural Health Mission.
- Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK)- entitles all pregnant women delivering in public health institutions to free delivery, including C-sections.
- Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan– pregnant women can walk into private establishments on the 9th of the month.
Infant mortality rate
- The number of deaths of children less than 1 year old per 1,000 live births.
Maternal mortality ratio
- The number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births due to causes related to pregnancy or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, regardless of the site or duration of pregnancy.
Child mortality rate
- The number of deaths of children less than 5 years old per 1,000 live births.
- It is defined as death within the first four weeks of life.
Source- Indian Express
- World Bank approved Rs. 6,000 crores for Atal Bhujal Yojana
- The World Bank has approved Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABHY), a Rs.6000 crore Central Sector Scheme of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
- The scheme is to be implemented over a period of five years from 2018-19 to 2022-23, with World Bank assistance.
Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABY)
- Atal Bhujal Yojana has been formulated by the Ministry to address the criticality of groundwater resources in a major part of the country.
- The scheme will also cover two major types of groundwater systems found in India – alluvial and hard rock aquifers.
- The scheme aims to improve groundwater management in priority areas in the country through community participation.
- It will be launched in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Haryana, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, covering 78 districts, 193 blocks and more than 8,300-gram panchayats.
- The duration of the ABY will be five years.
- The scheme was announced as National Groundwater Management Improvement Scheme (NGMIS) in budget 2016-17.
- The scheme is renamed as Atal Bhujal Yojana.
- C18-Mica-4 can remove the majority of pollutants from urban wastewater
- Spanish scientists have identified absorbent materials that can help soak up pollutants found in urban wastewater in less than 24 hours.
- The results show that the material C18-Mica-4 is capable of eliminating the majority of pollutants that were evaluated in urban waste water, as well as surface water and potable water.