Today’s Current Affairs: 14.08.2018
- Quality Council of India Report on Station Cleanliness
- The Third Party Survey has Been Conducted by Quality Council of India.
- This is the third such audit cum survey which has been conducted by Railways to increase the level of cleanliness by identifying unclean spots/gaps, to improve cleanliness standards and to propel healthy competition among railway stations.
- The parameters adopted for conducting the survey were:
(i) Evaluation of Process of cleanliness in Parking, main entry area, main platform, waiting room (33.33%)
(ii) Direct observation by QCI assessors of cleanliness in these areas (33.33%).
(iii) Passenger feedback (33.33%).
- The top scorers were:
- A1 category stations (out of 75)
- Jodhpur/North-Western Railway
- Jaipur/North-Western Railway
- Tirupati/South-Central Railway
- A category stations (out of a total of 332)
- Marwar/North Western Railway
- Phulera/North -Western Railway
- Warangal/South-Central Railway
- Zonal Railway rankings are:
- North Western Railway
- South Central Railway
- East Coast Railway
- The first survey was conducted by IRCTC in 2016 by conducting interviews of passengers at the stations on various parameters of cleanliness and rating them on these bases.
- The second survey in 2017 was conducted by Quality Council of India.
Quality Council of India
- Quality Council of India (QCI) is an autonomous body that works to assure quality standards across all spheres of economic and social activities.
- Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, along with other key industry associations, i.e. Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India, Confederation of Indian Industry and Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry, formed QCI in 1997.
- It was formed to provide accreditation services in the fields of education, healthcare, industries, institutions, professionals, quality promotion and quality assessment.
- The council is independent and works under the directions of its governing body having equal representation of government, industry and industry associations.
- It is neither funded nor controlled by the government and is a non-profit organization with its own Memorandum of Association.
- The water level in the Mullaiperiyar dam rising
The Mullaperiyar Dam
- The Mullaperiyar Dam is a masonry gravity dam in Kerala.
- The dam is located in Kerala on the river Periyar but is operated and maintained by Tamil Nadu state.
- It is located above mean sea level, on the Cardamom Hills of the Western Ghats in Thekkady, Idukki District of Kerala, South India.
- The Periyar National Park is located around the dam’s reservoir.
Source- The Hindu
- Ease of living index
- By the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA).
- The index captures the quality of life based on the data collected from the urban local bodies on four parameters.
- The four parameters include:
(i) Institutional (governance)
(ii) Social (identity, education, health, security)
(iii) Economic ( economy, employment)
(iv) Physical factors (wastewater and solid waste management, pollution, housing/ inclusiveness, mixed land use, power and water supply, transport, public open spaces).
- The best performing states were:
(ii) Navi Mumbai
- Rampur in Uttar Pradesh has ranked the worst on the scale with Kohima and Patna on the bottom two and three ranks while Varanasi stands at 33.
- West Bengal refused to participate in the Centre’s rankings. Thus, Kolkata was excluded from the index.
Source- Indian Express
- China Uighurs: One million held in political camps
- A UN human rights committee has heard there are credible reports that China is holding a million Uighurs in “counter-extremism centres”.
- Human rights groups including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have submitted reports to the UN committee documenting claims of mass imprisonment, in camps where inmates are forced to swear loyalty to China’s President Xi Jinping.
- The World Uyghur Congress said in its report that detainees are held indefinitely without charge, and forced to shout Communist Party slogans.
- It said they are poorly fed, and reports of torture are widespread.
- Most inmates have never been charged with a crime, it is claimed, and do not receive legal representation.
- China is said to carry out the detentions under the guise of combating religious extremism.
- Xinjiang is officially designated as an autonomous region within China, like Tibet to its south.
- It shares borders with Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India.
- The Uighurs are a Muslim ethnic minority mostly based in China’s Xinjiang province.
- They make up around 45% of the population in China.
Source- The Hindu
- Delhi Police gets India’s first all-women SWAT team.
- Delhi will be the first police force in the country to have an all-woman Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) team for anti-terrorist operations.
- Trained by specialists from India and abroad, 36 women constables from northeastern states have been inducted into the squad after rigorous, 15-month training. It is the brainchild of police commissioner Amulya Patnaik.
- The members of this all-women SWAT team received better ratings at the Police Training College in Jharoda Kalan than their male counterparts.
- The maximum numbers of members (13) are from Assam and five each from Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Manipur.
- Armed with MP5 submachine guns and Glock 21 pistols, all the members of the force are also well-versed in Israeli Krav Maga, an unarmed combat style.
- These commandos will be stationed at strategic locations in central and south Delhi.
Source- Economic Times
- 20 Ghats inaugurated in Kanpur and Bithoor
- Shri Nitin Gadkari inaugurated 20 newly constructed/ restored Ghats on river Ganga in Kanpur and Bithoor.
- The Minister also announced projects to tackle pollution from two of Kanpur’s biggest pollution hotspots:
(i) Jajmau– a source of industrial effluents.
(ii) Sisamau – a source of domestic sewage.
Namami Gange Programme
- Namami Gange Programme, an integrated conservation mission.
- It was approved as the flagship programme by the government in June
- Its aim is to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation, and rejuvenation of the Ganga.
The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)
- The National Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG) is the implementation wing of National Ganga Council which was set up in October 2016 under the River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities order 2016.
- The aim is to clean the Ganga and its tributaries in a comprehensive manner.
- Santhali becomes India’s first tribal language to get own Wikipedia edition.
- Santhali has become the first Indian tribal language to get a Wikipedia edition in its own script.
- The Santhali Wikipedia got approval from the language committee of the Wikimedia Foundation on June 28.
- Among the 22 scheduled languages in India, Dogri, Bodo and Manipuri have no version of Wikipedia in their own language.
- The Assamese version of Wikipedia, which is live since 2002, is in the Bengali script.
- Santhali is written in Ol Chiki script and spoken by 6.4 million people.
- Its speakers live mostly in Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and Assam.
- It is also spoken in Bangladesh and Nepal.
Source- Hindustan Times