- India’s global poverty rank improves
- India’s Multidimensional Poverty (MDP) has dropped significantly, largely as a result of the performance of five key southern States (Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.)
- Between 2005-06 to 2015-16, poverty level came down from 55% to 21%, improving the country’s MDP ranking.
- Following the drop-in poverty levels, India moved to the 26th rank from its earlier 54, in a decade, among 102 developing countries with MDP.
- While the national average is 21%, in the five southern States (Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh) the average MDP is 9%. However, poverty levels have dropped in all States.
- Kerala has an MDP of 1%, Tamil Nadu (6%), Karnataka (11%), Telangana (14%) and Andhra Pradesh (13%) are also significantly low.
- Bihar is the poorest State with 43% incidence of poverty.
- Jharkhand (36%), Uttar Pradesh (31%), Rajasthan (31%) and Odisha (29%) are also above the national average (21%),
- Of 640 districts, 31 districts — all in eastern or central India — have over 50% MDP.
- The top five districts with the largest prevalence of MDP are in Shravasti, Baharaich and Balrampur in Uttar Pradesh, and Alirajpur and Jhabua in Madhya Pradesh.
- Chhattisgarh, which is affected by Left Wing insurgency, has done well, bringing down its poverty level from 71% to 22%.
Multidimensional Poverty (MDP)
- MDP is “an international measure of acute poverty” based on three key categories-
(b) Education and
(c) Living standards
Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)
- MPI was developed in 2010 by the Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme.
- It replaced the previous Human Poverty Index.
- The global MPI is released annually by OPHI and the results published on its website.
- The index uses the same three dimensions as the Human Development Index: health, education, and standard of living.
Source- The Hindu
- UNDP to set up Skill development centre in Hyderabad
- The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) will soon set up a skill development centre at ‘Bharosa’ an integrated support centre for distressed women and children here.
- The Skill development centre aimed at empowering vulnerable and marginalised women by imparting skills training,
- The agreement extends support to enable these women to learn marketable skills and connect with income opportunities.
- ‘Bharosa’ provides under one roof, 24X7 services related to police, medical, legal, prosecution, psycho-therapeutic counselling and relief and rehabilitation services in completely private counselling rooms to maintain confidentiality and privacy.
- Last year, the Hyderabad Police had signed an agreement with UNDP under the ‘Disha’ project to build capacities and skills of women affected by violence to help make them economically self-sufficient.
Source- Deccan Herald
- Nepal to host BIMSTEC 2018
- Nepal’s Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli announced to host the 2018 Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) summit.
- The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) is an international organisation involving a group of countries in South Asia and South-East Asia.
- These 7 countries are Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal.
- The BIMSTEC states are among the countries dependent on the Bay of Bengal.
- Its secretariat is located in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
- BIMSTEC uses the alphabetical order for the Chairmanship.
Source- Indian Express
- India largest remittance-receiving country in the world
- The report ‘RemitSCOPE – Remittance markets and opportunities – Asia and the Pacific’ said India (USD 69 billion), China (USD 64 billion) and the Philippines (USD 33 billion) are the three largest remittance- receiving countries in the world in 2017.
- The report said remittances to the Asia-Pacific region amounted to USD 256 billion last year.
- About 70 percent of remittances sent to Asia and the Pacific come from outside the region and in particular from the Gulf States (32 percent), North America (26 percent) and Europe (12 percent).
- Remittances are particularly crucial in rural areas where poverty is the highest.
- The report is released by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD).
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
- It is an international financial institution and a specialised agency of the United Nations dedicated to eradicating poverty and hunger in rural areas of developing countries.
- It was established as an international financial institution in 1977 as one of the major outcomes of the 1974 World Food Conference.
- Its headquarters is in Rome, Italy, and is a member of the United Nations Development Group.
- Through loans and grants, IFAD works with governments to develop and finance programmes and projects that enable rural poor people to overcome poverty themselves.
- Membership in IFAD is open to all member states of the United Nations or its specialised agencies or the International Atomic Energy Agency.
- The Governing Council is IFAD’s highest decision-making authority, with the Member States each represented by a governor and alternate governor.
Source- Economic Times
- Make India observer in the forum of Islamic nations: Bangladesh
- Bangladesh has called for reforms in the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation that can pave the way for countries like India, which are not Muslim majority, to get an observer seat in the OIC.
- Though Pakistan is unlikely to welcome the proposal as it uses the forum to regularly target India.
- China has also put forward the “inclusion” argument to say that large Muslim populations should not be denied a say at the OIC.
- Muslims in India constitute 10% of the global adherents of the faith.
- In terms of Muslims as a percentage of the global population, India ranks third after Indonesia and Pakistan.
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
- It is an international organization founded in 1969, consisting of 57-member states, with a collective population of over 1.6 billion as of 2008.
- The organisation states that it is “the collective voice of the Muslim world” and works to “safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony”.
- The OIC has permanent delegations to the United Nations and the European Union.
- The official languages of the OIC are Arabic, English, and French.
- Its headquarter is in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Source- Times of India
- ISRO making green propellant
- Scientists at the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) have reported progress in the development of an environment-friendly propellant to power satellites and spacecraft.
- The effort is to replace the conventional hydrazine rocket fuel, a highly toxic and carcinogenic chemical, with a greener propellant for future missions.
- Initial tests by a research team at the Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC) have shown promising results in the formulation and associated tests of a propellant blend based on hydroxylammonium nitrate (HAN).
- Due to its high-performance characteristics, hydrazine has dominated the space industry as the choice of propellant for over six decades, despite its environmental and health hazards and the challenges faced in its manufacturing, storage, ground handling and transportation.
- The LPSC team formulated the HAN-based monopropellant and carried out a variety of tests to investigate its characteristics, like thermal and catalytic decomposition and compatibility with different materials.
- The in-house formulation consists of HAN, ammonium nitrate, methanol and water.
- While methanol was added to reduce combustion instability, the choice of HAN was dictated by its capacity to control the burn rate and lower the freezing point of the propellant.
- It is a chemical propulsion fuel which does not require a separate oxidizer.
- It is used extensively in satellite thrusters for orbital correction and orientation control.
Source- The Hindu