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15 June Current Affair For All Competition Exam

  1. DRDO turns Pinaka rocket system into guided missile, developmental trials soon
  • The indigenous Pinaka rocket system of the DRDO, is being evolved into a precision-guided missile, with enhanced range and accuracy to hit its targets.

Related Information

Pinaka

  • Pinaka is a multiple rocket launcher produced in India and developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for the Indian Army.
  • The system has a maximum range of-
    (a) 40 km for Mark-I 
    (b) 70 – 80 km for Mark-II
  • It can fire a salvo of 12 rockets in just 44 seconds.
  • The system is mounted on a Tatra truck for mobility.
  • Pinaka saw service during the Kargil War, where it was successful in neutralising enemy positions on the mountain tops.

Source- Indian Express

  1. Maharashtra: New treatment strategy to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis

Lymphatic Filariasis (LF)

  • Also known as elephantiasis, is a human disease caused by parasitic worms known as filarial worms.
  • The worms are spread by the bites of infected mosquitoes.
  • It is marked by severe swelling in the arms, legs, breasts, or genitals.
  • The skin may become thicker as well, and the condition may become painful.
  • India bears approximately 40 per cent of the global LF burden.
  • Maharashtra is one of the states with a higher incidence of LF.

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Source- Indian Express

  1. The pride of Sahyadri – Warli art

What is Warli art?

  • Warli is a tribal art form that was mostly created by the Adivasis of the Western Ghats.
  • It is one of the oldest art forms in India.
  • It originated in Maharashtra and is still practised.
  • Warli painting is registered with a geographical indication under the Intellectual Property Rights Act.

History and style

  • This tribal art form is thought to date back to the 10th century A.D.
  • The Warli tribe, which does these paintings, is one of India’s largest tribes located on the outskirts of Mumbai.
  • Their culture basis itself around the concept of Mother Nature; therefore, elements of nature serve as focal points for Warli paintings.
  • These artists used to use the clay walls of their huts as a canvas for their paintings.

Specifications of the paintings

  • Most of these paintings use a set of geometric shapes – circle, triangle and square.
  • The circle represents the sun and the moon, while the triangle represents the mountains and pointed trees.
  • The square, on the other hand, is a human invention, indicating a sacred piece of land or enclosure.
  • In a ritualistic Warli painting, the central motif would be the square with a depiction of ‘Palaghata’, the mother goddess symbolising fertility.
  • This central motif would be surrounded by scenes of hunting, farming, fishing, trees and animals.
  • Festivals and dances are also common scenes found in a ritual painting.
  • Apart from ritual paintings, Warli paintings also cover day-to-day activities of the village people.
  • Most Warli paintings also depict the tarpa dance. 
    Note– Tarpa is a trumpet-like instrument played by the village men.

Source- The Hindu

  1. India ranked at 120th Among 122 Countries in Water Quality Index- NITI Aayog
  • The report, titled ‘Composite Water Management Index’ (CWMI), said the water crisis is only going to get worse.
  • By 2030, the country’s water demand is projected to be twice the available supply, implying severe water scarcity for hundreds of millions of people and an eventual 6 percent loss in the country’s GDP.
  • The report pointed out that with nearly 70 per cent of water being contaminated, India is placed at 120th among 122 countries in the water quality index.
  • CWMI has been developed by NITI Aayog comprising nine broad sectors with 28 indicators.

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Source- Indian Express

  1. Raja Parba: Odisha’s festival
  • A four-day festival celebrated every year in June, it calls for women to come together and acknowledge the gift of Mother Earth or Bhudevi – as they call it.
  • Each day of the festival has its own name and significance — 
    (a) The first day is called Pahili Rajo
    (b) The second day is Mithuna Sankranti, which signifies the beginning of the solar month of Mithuna i.e., the rainy season

    (c) The third day is Bhu Daaha or Basi Raja
    (d) The fourth day is called Vasumati Snana
  • The festival is natively pronounced as ‘raw-jaw’, while ‘Raja’ is derived from the world ‘Rajaswala’ which means menstruating women.
  • According to the religious belief, it is said that during the first three days, ‘Bhudevi’ (Mother Earth), the wife of Lord Jagannath undergoes menstruation cycle and on the fourth day, she is given a ceremonial bath.

Source- Indian Express

  1. Swajal Launched in 115 Aspirational Districts of India
  • Union Minister for Drinking Water and Sanitation announced that Swajal schemes in 115 aspirational districts of the country will involve an outlay of Rs 700 crores through flexible-funds under the existing NRDWP budget.
  • Govt also earmarked Rs.1000 crores for addressing the drinking water needs of 27,544 arsenic and fluoride affected habitations of the country in this financial year under the National Water Quality Sub-Mission (NWQSM).
  • Central govt called upon the states to ensure that the Sustainable Development Goal ‘safe drinking water for all’ is achieved in India by 2030.

Swajal Scheme

  • It is a community-owned drinking water programme for sustained drinking water supply.
  • These schemes will aim to provide villages with piped water supply powered by solar energy.
  • The scheme will train hundreds of rural technicians for operation and maintenance of Swajal units.
  • The Minister also announced the modernisation of 2000 water quality testing laboratories spread across the country.

Source-PIB

  1. Naval Women Mountaineers Summit Mount Deotibba
  • All women Naval mountaineering team led by Lt Cdr Kokila Sajwan summited Mount Deotibba a 10 Jun 2018.
  • Mount Deotibba provided the excellent opportunity to the team in honing their mountaineering skills.

Related Information

Mt. Deo tibba

  • It is the second highest peak (6001M) in the Pir-Panjal range in Himachal Pradesh.

Source-PIB

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