- Bihar to get world’s cheapest clean drinking water with the launch of “’Sulabh Jal”
- Bihar will soon provide the cheapest drinking water in the world with the launch of cost-effective innovative water project “Sulabh Jal”.
- The first of such a water project was launched in Bihar’s Darbhanga district by Sulabh International.
- With the help of this project, the people will easily be able to get pure and clean water only in 50paisa/litre.
- The ‘Sulabh Jal’ project converts contaminated pond and river water into safe drinking water.
Source- Business Standard
- IIT-Madras unveiled the world’s first remote “LEAP” microscope
- IIT Madras has launched “world’s first” remotely operatable microscope that would enable a precise atom-by-atom view of a material.
- The Local Electrode Atom Probe (LEAP) was developed in a collaborative exercise involving eight top research institutions headed by IIT Madras.
- It was developed at a cost of Rs 40 crore.
- The microscope also enables a true 3D atomic scale reconstruction which would impart a major thrust to research in nanotechnology, among other fields.
- The partnering institutions in the collaborative include – IITs of Bombay, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur and Ropar along with Nuclear Sciences and Department of Science and Technology, International Advanced Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy and New Materials (ARCI).
Source- Deccan Chronicle
- Upgraded Vikas engine will soon boost ISRO’s rockets
- All three satellite launch vehicles (PSLV, GSLV, GSLV MK-III) of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) are set to add muscle to their spacecraft lifting power in upcoming missions.
- The Vikas engine will improve the payload capability of PSLV, GSLV and GSLVMK-III launch vehicles.
- The main beneficiary of the high-thrust Vikas engine is said to be the heavy-lifting GSLV-Mark III launcher, which ISRO expects will now put 4,000-kg satellites to space.
- This would be the third Mk-III and the first working one to be designated MKIII Mission-1 or M1.
The first MKIII of June 2017 started with a 3,200-kg satellite and the second one is being readied for lifting a 3,500-kg spacecraft.
Source- The Hindu
- Andamans request delisting of saltwater crocodile from Schedule 1 of Wildlife Protection Act
- The government of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands has sent a proposal to the Central government requesting that saltwater crocodiles be delisted from Schedule 1 of the Wildlife Protection Act (WPA), 1972.
- The request has been raised in order for the Andaman authorities to control the growing saltwater crocodile population in the islands and the resultant rise in human-croc conflicts.
- The proposal was sent three months ago and is awaiting consideration.
Wildlife Protection Act 1972
- The Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for the protection of plants and animal species.
- It extends to the whole of India, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir which has its own wildlife act.
- It has six schedules which give varying degrees of protection.
- Schedule I and part II of Schedule II provide absolute protection – offences under these are prescribed the highest penalties.
- Species listed in Schedule III and Schedule IV are also protected, but the penalties are much lower.
- Schedule V includes the animals which may be hunted.
- The specified endemic plants in Schedule VI are prohibited from cultivation and planting.
- Under the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, states can request the Centre to declare some species as “vermin” if their population becomes unmanageable, thereby removing protections assured by the Act.
- Essentially, the species can then be hunted or culled.
- The Central Government may declare any wild animal other than those specified in Sch. I and part 11 of Sch. H to be vermin for any area, so long as such notification is in force, such wild animal shall be deemed to have been included in Sch. V.
- The National Wildlife Action Plan (2017-31) calls for “comprehensive, science-based species-specific and region-specific, conflict mitigation plans that can help in the prevention of human-wildlife conflict situations.
Source- Down To Earth
- Red sanders not endangered anymore
- The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has now reclassified red sander as ‘near threatened’ from the earlier ‘endangered’.
- After being classified as ‘endangered’ in 1997 and added to the Red List, this is the first time that red sanders have been shifted to a better-conserved category.
- Red sanders wood fetches huge prices in the international market for its use in making luxury products, musical instruments and medicine.
- However, as the species is endemic to India and had been considered endangered, the Foreign Trade Policy of India doesn’t allow its export.
- This ban, coupled with its high demand, made an illegal trade of red sanders rampant in states where it is found like Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature)-
- The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
- The organization is best known to the wider public for compiling and publishing the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
- IUCN has an observer and consultative status at the United Nations.
- Its headquarter is located in Gland, Switzerland.
- The species which come under ‘critically endangered’, ‘endangered’ and ‘vulnerable’ categories are considered threatened.
Source- Down to Earth
- IFFCO launched e-commerce platform “IMandi” for farmers
- Fertiliser major IFFCO has partnered with Singapore-based technology firm iMandi to start an e-commerce platform for farmers with an investment of about Rs 80 crore.
- An e-commerce app, ‘IFFCO iMandi’, has been launched that would cater to 5.5 crore farmers already associated with the cooperative.
- A web portal has also been developed.
- Under the agri inputs marketplace, the farmer can presently buy all IFFCO products, including fertilisers, agrochemicals and seeds at a discounted price and get free delivery at their doorstep.
Source- Economic Times