- Indian Air Force for the first time participating in Ex Pitch Black 2018
- From 24th July to 18th August, IAF will be participating in the mega exercise, which will involve over 100 aircraft from around the globe in Australia.
- This is the first time IAF will be participating in the event.
- The IAF contingent consists of 145 air-warriors including Garud team, 04 X Su-30 MKI, 01 X C-130 and 01 X C-17.
Ex Pitch Black
- Ex Pitch Black is a biennial multi-national large force employment warfare exercise hosted by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).
- The aim of the exercise is to practice Offensive Counter Air (OCA) and Defensive Counter Air (DCA) combat, in a simulated war environment.
- The first Pitch Black exercises took place on 15-16 June 1981.
- First Global Compact for Migration
- First time United Nations member states, except the US, have agreed on a deal to create Global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration.
- It is the first intergovernmental negotiated agreement to cover all dimensions of migration.
- It will be formally adopted by world leaders in Morocco in December.
- It is non-binding and was signed by adopting “New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants” in 2016.
- It does not encourage migration, nor does it aim to stop it.
- The objective is to address the challenges for migration, strengthen migrant rights.
Source – The Hindu
- India has not done much to address antimicrobial resistance: Global report
- A survey by FAO, OIE and WHO has found wide discrepancies in countries’ efforts toward tackling AMR.
- There is no effort to train stakeholders such as farmers, farm workers, extension workers, food and feed processors and retailers, and environmental specialists on AMR.
- India also does not have a national plan or system for monitoring sales and use of antimicrobials in animals and plants.
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR)
- Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is the ability of a microorganism (like bacteria, viruses, and some parasites) to stop an antimicrobial (such as antibiotics, antivirals and antimalarials) from working against it. As a result, standard treatments become ineffective, infections persist and may spread to others.
Source- Down to earth
- Special Remission Scheme for prisoners.
- The Union Cabinet has given its approval to grant Special Remission to Prisoners as part of Commemoration of 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
- State Governments will place the recommendations of the Committee before Governor for consideration and approval under Article 161 of the Constitution.
Special remission will be given to:
- Women and Transgender convicts: Of 55 years of age and above, who have completed 50 per cent of their actual sentence period.
- Male convicts: Of 60 years of age and above, who have completed 50 per cent of their actual sentence period.
- Physically challenged/disabled convicts: With 70 per cent disability and more, who have completed 50 per cent of their actual sentence period.
- Terminally ill convicts and convicted prisoners: Who have completed 2/3rd of their actual sentence period.
Special remission will not be given to:
- Prisoners who have been convicted for the death sentence.
- Cases involving in serious and heinous crimes like rape, human trafficking, dowry death and convicted under UAPA, POTA, TADA, FICN, POCSO, etc.
Source- The Hindu
- Chandrayaan-II Mission
- Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is planning to deploy a rover on the lunar surface through the Chandrayaan-2 mission.
- The instruments on Rover will conduct an in-situ analysis of elements such as Na, Mg, Al, Si, etc; in the vicinity of the landing site.
- Chandrayaan-2 will be the first-ever mission to land a rover near the lunar south pole.
- India’s second lunar exploration mission after Chandrayaan-1.
- It is planned to be launched to the moon by a Geosynchronous satellite launch vehicle (GSLV Mk II).
- It includes a lunar orbiter, lander and rover, all developed by India.
- Cabinet approves the Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2018
Features of the bill
- It takes into consideration aggravated forms of trafficking, which includes trafficking for the purpose of forced labour, begging, trafficking of a woman or child for the purpose of marriage or under the pretext of marriage or after marriage etc.
- It deals with punishment for promoting or facilitating trafficking of the person.
- It deals with the confidentiality of victims/ witnesses and complainants by not disclosing their identity.
- The confidentiality of the victims is maintained by recording their statement through video conferencing (this also helps in trans-border and inter-State crimes).
- National Investigation Agency (NIA) will perform the tasks of Anti-Trafficking Bureau at the national level present under the MHA.
- Punishment ranges from rigorous minimum 10 years to life and fine not less than Rs. 1 lakh.
- The National Anti-Trafficking Bureau will perform the functions of international coordination with authorities in other countries.
Source- The Hindu
- First all-women branch of Jammu and Kashmir bank
- The first all-women branch of Jammu & Kashmir Bank was inaugurated by the first lady Usha Vohra at an event at in Srinagar.
- Special services for women customers are Pink Gold Saving Scheme, Pink Platinum Saving Scheme, Special Loan facility for Women Entrepreneurs, Pink Gold Debit Card and Pink Platinum Credit Card.
- This step will help in broadening the financial inclusion of women.
- It will also help in doorstep delivery and facility to women living in remote areas.
- Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP) of sugarcane
- Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved Fair and Remunerative Price (FRP) of sugarcane for the 2018-19 period.
- It hiked Rs. 20 per quintal (higher by 77.42% over production) in the FRP of sugarcane at Rs. 275 per quintal for the basic recovery rate of 10%.
- The cost of production of sugarcane for the sugar season 2018-19 is Rs. 155 per quintal.
- This ensures that the farmers get the return of more than 50% over their production cost.
- The Government with a view to protecting the interest of farmers has also decided that there shall not be any deduction in case of mills where recovery is below 9.5%. Such farmers will get Rs. 261.25 per quintal for sugarcane in place of Rs. 255/qtl in the current season.
Fair and Remunerative Price
- The FRP has been determined on the basis of recommendations of Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP) and after consultation with State Governments and other stakeholders.
- Recommended FRP is arrived by taking into account various factors such as the cost of production, overall demand-supply situation, domestic and international prices, inter-crop price parity, terms of trade prices of primary by-products, and likely impact of FRP on the general price level and resource use efficiency.
Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs
- The Prime Minister is the head of this committee.
- Cabinet ministers of various ministries are its members.
- Its important functions include coordinating the governmental activities in the economic sphere, deciding issues pertaining to the World Trade Organization, the Unique Identification Authority of India and monitoring general prices, assess availability and export of essential and agricultural commodities and taking measures for efficient Public Distribution System.
Source- The Hindu
- Scientists discovered 12 new moons orbiting Jupiter
- Scientists have discovered 12 new moons orbiting Jupiter, bringing the grand total of known Jovian satellites to 79.
- The mere existence of these newly discovered moons provides missing clues about the formation of the solar system.
- The discovery includes 11 normal outer moons and one oddball.
- Jupiter’s satellites orbit the planet at three different distances. Out of the new moons, 9 are part of a distant outer swarm of moons orbiting in the retrograde (opposite direction of Jupiter’s spin rotation).
- Of them, the 2 new discoveries are part of a closer, inner group of moons that orbit in the prograde (same direction as Jupiter’s rotation).
- The researchers named the wayward moon Valetudo, after the Roman god Jupiter’s great-granddaughter. It was the faintest of the objects, which makes it not only the palest Jovian moon ever discovered, but likely the smallest, as well.
Source – The Wired