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20 Augsut Current Affair For All Competition Exams

1. 11th World Hindi Conference to begin in Mauritius

  • 11th World Hindi Conference was held in Port Louis, Mauritius.
  • Theme: “Vaishvik Hindi Aur Bharatiy Sanskriti“.
  • In the Conference, Mauritius Prime Minister announced Mauritius’s cyber tower to be named after Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

Related Information

World Hindi Conference

  • World Hindi Conference was started in 1975 to make the Hindi language a medium of service and knowledge and enable it to move forward with the time.
  • The first World Hindi Conference was held in 1975 in Nagpur, India.

NOTE

  • Ministry of External Affairs has set up the World Hindi Secretariat in Mauritius. The objectives are the promotion of Hindi as an international language and further the cause for recognition at the United Nations as an Official Language.
  • Panini language laboratory was recently inaugurated at Mahatma Gandhi institute in Mauritius to promote reading and writing Hindi amongst young and its further development.

Source- The Hindu

2. Scientists for first time decode complex wheat genome.

  • A team of international researchers, including 18 from India decoded the wheat genome.
  • This project was financially supported by the Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology.
  • The information generated is considered as a breakthrough which will help to identify genes controlling complex agronomic traits such as yield, grain quality, resistance to diseases and pests, as well as tolerance to drought, heat, water logging and salinity.
  • The research shows that bread wheat has the complex hexaploid genome which is 40 times larger than that of the rice genome and 5 times larger than the human genome.
  • This would help further to accelerate the breeding of climate-resilient wheat varieties to help address global food security.

Related Information

Genome

  • A genome is the complete set of genetic information in an organism.
  • It provides all of the information the organism requires to function.
  • In living organisms, the genome is stored in long molecules of DNA called chromosomes.
  • Small sections of DNA, called genes, code for the RNA and protein molecules required by the organism.
  • The full range of RNA molecules expressed by a genome is known as its transcriptome, and the full assortment of proteins produced by the genome is called its proteome.

Genomics

  • Genomics is the study of the full genetic complement of an organism (the genome).

Source- Science Daily

3. Telangana govt launched Disaster Response Force in Hyderabad

  • The government of Telangana launched for the first time Disaster Response Force (DRF) vehicles in the Hyderabad city.
  • The main aim to start this DRF is that a state should have its own Disaster force.
  • The personals have been trained in tackling of flooding, tree falls, structural collapses and any other site of normal emergencies.
  • The Disaster personal will be available on the field for 24/7.

Related Information

National Disaster Response Force

  • The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is a specialised force constituted “for the purpose of specialist response to a threatening disaster situation or disaster” under the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
  • Headquarters in New Delhi.
  • The apex body for disaster management in India is the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).
  • The Chairman of the NDMA is the Prime Minister.
  • The responsibility for disaster management in India’s federal system is that of the State Government.
  • The ‘nodal Ministry’ in the central government for the management of natural disasters is the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
  • National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is under the National Disaster Management Authority.
  • The head of the NDRF is designated as Director General.

Source- Economic Times

4. India building new fighter jet

  • The Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA), India’s next indigenous fighter, is expected to make its first flight by 2032.
  • The AMCA will feature geometric stealth and will initially fly with two GE-414 engines.
  • The GE-414 produces 98kN thrust compared to the 84 kN thrust of the GE-404 engine which is on the LCA Mk1.
  • The Indian Air Force has given land to the Defence Research and Development Organisation to set up facilities for the project.
  • The plan is to build on the capabilities and expertise developed during the development of the light combat aircraft (LCA) and produce a medium fifth generation fighter aircraft.
  • This is India’s only fifth-generation aircraft programme following the decision not to go ahead with the fifth generation project with Russia.

Related Information

  • There are two major ways of making a military platform stealthier. One is geometric stealth and other is material stealth.
    (a) In geometric stealth, the shape of the aircraft is designed at such angles so as to deflect away maximum radar waves thereby minimising its radar cross section.
    (b) In material stealth, radar-absorbing materials are used in making the aircraft which will absorb the radio waves thus reducing the radar footprint.

Source- The Hindu

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5. India successfully tests indigenously Anti-Tank Guided Missile ‘HELINA’ in Pokhran

  • India has successfully flight tested the indigenously developed helicopter launched Anti-Tank Guided Missile ‘HELINA’ from Pokhran in Rajasthan.
  • The missile is guided by an Infrared Imaging Seeker (IIR) operating in the Lock on Before Launch mode. It is one of the most advanced Anti-Tank Weapons in the world.
  • The weapon system was integrated with the live warhead and has destroyed the targets with high precision.

Related Information

Nag Missile System

  • It is a third generation “fire-and-forget” anti-tank missile developed in India.
  • It is one of five missile systems developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).

NAMICA Version of the missile

  • It is a ‘lock-on before launch’ system, where the target is identified and designated before the missile is launched.
  • As the targeting system is based on visual identification, the range is limited.

HELINA (Helicopter-launched Nag) Version

  • The HELINA version, on the other hand, will use a ‘lock-on after launch’ system extending its range to 7 km.
  • In this scenario, the missile is launched in the general direction of the target.
  • As it approaches the target, images of the area ahead are sent back to the operator who will be able to identify enemy tanks.
  • It is manufactured by state-owned Bharat Dynamics Limited.

 

6. The indigenously designed and developed guided bombs Smart Anti Airfield Weapon (SAAW) successfully flight tested

  • The indigenously designed and developed guided bombs Smart Anti Airfield Weapon (SAAW) was successfully flight tested from IAF aircraft at Chandan range in Jaisalmer.
  • It reached the targets at greater than 70 km range, with high accuracies.

Related Information

Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW)

  • The DRDO Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW) is a long-range precision-guided anti-airfield weapon.
  • The SAAW is being developed by the Research Centre Imarat (RCI), and other DRDO laboratories in collaboration with the Indian Air Force (IAF).
  • It is designed to be capable of engaging ground targets with high precision up to a range of 100 kilometres.
  • It is a lightweight high precision-guided bomb designed to destroy ground targets, such as runways, bunkers, aircraft hangers and other reinforced structures.
  • Weighing 120 kg, it has deep penetration capabilities.
  • It is India’s first fully indigenous anti-airfield weapon, being designed and developed wholly by DRDO.

Source- AIR

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7. Chinese rover set to explore the far side of Moon

  • China’s space agency has revealed images of the exploration vehicle with which it hopes to reach the far side of the Moon by the end of this year, a feat no country has ever accomplished.
  • The vehicle will travel aboard the unmanned lunar probe Chang’e 4, which is expected to land in the Aitken basin on the far side of the Moon, not visible from the Earth.
  • The vehicle is similar to Yutu, China’s first lunar rover launched in 2013 along with Chang’e 3, which continues to traverse the visible side of the Moon.
  • The rover was also the lightest of its kind in the world, weighing only 140 kg (309 pounds), much less than its predecessors.

Related Information

Yutu

  • Yutu is an unmanned lunar rover that formed part of the Chinese Chang’e 3 mission to the Moon.
  • It was launched on 1st December 2013 and reached the Moon’s surface on 14 December 2013.
  • In October 2015, Yutu set the record for the longest operational period for a rover on the Moon. 
  • On 31 July 2016, Yutu ceased to operate after a total of 31 months, well beyond its original expected lifespan of three months.

Chang’e 3 

  • Chang’e 3 is an unmanned lunar exploration mission operated by the China National Space Administration (CNSA), incorporating a robotic lander and China’s first lunar rover.
  • It was launched in December 2013 as part of the second phase of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program.
  • Chang’e 3 landed on 14 December 2013, becoming the first spacecraft to soft-land on the Moon since the Soviet Union’s Luna 24 in 1976.
  • Chang’e 3 discovered a new type of basaltic rock, rich in ilmenite, a black mineral

Chang’e 4 

  • Chang’e 4 is a planned Chinese lunar exploration mission, to be launched in December 2018, that will incorporate an orbiter, a robotic lander and rover.
  • Chang’e 4 will be China’s second lunar lander and rover.

 

Source- The Hindu

8. India, Thailand conclude ‘Maitree’ military exercise

  • The Indian and Royal Thai armed forces concluded a two-week long platoon level military exercise called ‘Exercise Maitree 2018’ in Jammu & Kashmir.
  • The exercise was an annual event designed to strengthen the partnership between armies of the two countries.

Source- The Hindu

9. Delhi government official bags WHO award

  • Delhi government’s additional director of health S.K. Arora has been awarded the prestigious WHO World No Tobacco Day 2018 Award for his extraordinary contribution towards tobacco control.
  • The National Health Policy 2017 has set targets for the relative reduction in tobacco prevalence by 15% by 2020 and 30% by 2025.
  • Delhi has already achieved these targets before 2017.

Related Information

World No Tobacco Day (WNTD)

  • World No Tobacco Day (WNTD) is observed around the world every year on 31 May.
  • It is intended to encourage a 24-hour period of abstinence from all forms of tobacco consumption around the globe.
  • The member states of the World Health Organization (WHO) created World No Tobacco Day in 1987.

Source- The Hindu

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