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21 June Current Affair For All Competition Exam

  1. World’s most powerful supercomputer “Summit” unveiled
  • US scientists have unveiled the world’s most powerful and smartest scientific supercomputer “Summit” that can complete over 200,000 trillion calculations per second.
  • It is developed by IBM.
  • Summit also possesses more than 10 petabytes of memory paired with fast, high-bandwidth pathways for efficient data movement.
  • Summit takes accelerated computing to the next level, with more computing power, more memory, an enormous high-performance file system and fast data paths to tie it all together.
  • Summit will empower scientists to address a wide range of new challenges, accelerate discovery, spur innovation and above all.
  • Summit also possesses more than 10 petabytes of memory paired with fast, high-bandwidth pathways for efficient data movement.

Source- Economic Times

  1. NASA’s new instrument “ECOSTRESS” to monitor plant water use from space
  • NASA plans to install on the International Space Station (ISS) an instrument that will measure the temperature of plants from space, enabling researchers to determine plant water use and to study how drought conditions affect plant health.
  • The instrument, called ECOSTRESS, or ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station, will hitch a ride to the space station on a SpaceX cargo resupply mission scheduled to launch from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida.

How will it help?

  • Plants draw in water from the soil, and as they are heated by the Sun, the water is released through pores on the plants’ leaves through a process called transpiration.
  • This cools the plant down, much as sweating does in humans.
  • However, if there is not enough water available to the plants, they close their pores to conserve water, causing their temperatures to rise.
  • Plants use those same pores to take up carbon dioxide from the atmosphere for photosynthesis — the process they use to turn carbon dioxide and water into the sugar they use as food.
  • If they continue to experience insufficient water availability, or “water stress,” they eventually starve or overheat, and die.
  • The data from ECOSTRESS will show these changes in plants’ temperatures, providing insight into their health and water use while there is still time for water managers to correct agricultural water imbalances.

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Source- Indian Express

  1. India launched its first national healthcare facility registry
  • The Union ministry of health and family welfare launched the National Health Resource Repository (NHRR), the first-ever registry in the country registry of authentic, standardised and updated geospatial data of all public and private healthcare.
  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is the project technology partner for providing data security.
  • It will now be possible to provide comprehensive data on all private and public health establishments and other resources, including Railways, Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC), defence and petroleum healthcare establishments.
  • This resource repository shall enable advanced research towards ongoing and forthcoming healthcare challenges arising from other determinants of health such as disease and the environment.
  • The NHRR project aims to strengthen evidence-based decision making and develop a platform for citizens and provider-centric services by creating a robust, standardised and secured IT-enabled repository of India’s healthcare resources.
  • The health minister also released the National Health Profile (NHP)-2018, prepared by CBHI (Central Bureau of Health Intelligence).
  • The National Health Profile covers demographic, socio-economic, health status and health finance indicators, along with comprehensive information on health infrastructure and human resources in health.

Source- Livemint

  1. Andhra Pradesh became the first State to complete automation of Crime Records Bureau
  • The Andhra Pradesh police have become the first in the country to complete automation of the State Crime Records Bureau (SCRB).
  • i-App cloud is now helping the police access the entire information of crimes under various IPC sections.
  • i-App is providing comparative analytics of gender violence, bodily offences and property offences in each unit, range, region and State using data charts.
  • The i-App cloud application can collect, store, process and retrieve data and generate reports every month.
  • The data is further integrated into the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) and Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) data banks.

Source- The Hindu

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  1. World’s first Intl Centre for Humanitarian Forensics launched in Gujarat
  • The world’s first International Centre for Humanitarian Forensics was launched at Gandhinagar in Gujarat.
  • It is a joint venture of the Regional delegation of the International Committee of the Red Cross in India, Bhutan, Nepal and the Maldives and also Gujarat Forensic Science University.

Source- AIR

  1. Haryana government’s “7-Star Gram Panchayat Rainbow scheme”
  • Haryana government has decided to give star rankings to its panchayats on the basis of seven social parameters under the state’s 7-Star Gram Panchayat Rainbow scheme.
  • The scheme was launched in January 2018.
  • As many as 1,120 villages of the state have achieved the rankings under the scheme.
  • Seven parameters under the scheme are- 
    (a) Sex ratio, 
    (b) Education, 
    (c) Hygiene, 
    (d) Environment preservation, 
    (e) Governance and 
    (f) social participation.
  • The villages would be rewarded Rs one lakh for achieving each parameter.
  • The villages having equal or more girl population will be given Rs 50,000 as the bonus with their reward money.
  • Similarly, the villages which adopt Swachhta Mission will be given additional Rs 50,000 as the reward.
  • Ambala topped the star ranking with 407 stars followed by Gurugram with 199 stars and Karnal with 75 stars.

Source- Indian Express

  1. “I-HARIYALI” App launched by Punjab govt
  • The Punjab govt has launched an app “I-hariyali” aimed at increasing the green cover and to provide fresh air in the stat.
  • Ludhiana will distribute 2.5 lakh saplings through newly-launched mobile app ‘ihariyali’.
  • The people can book saplings of their choice in the app.
  • There are several varieties of saplings including fruit, medicinal, tree, timber, ornamentals, and shrubs.

Source- Times of India

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