1. ICOMOS launches the initiative to save cultural heritage damaged in flood-hit Kerala
The ICOMOS, a global monument conservation body, has launched an initiative to assess the damage to the rich cultural and built heritage in flood-devastated Kerala and set up an emergency response platform.
The International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS)
- The International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) is a prestigious non-government organisation dedicated to promoting the application of theory, methodology and scientific techniques for conservation of architectural and archaeological heritage across the world.
- Now headquartered in Paris, France.
- ICOMOS was founded in 1965 in Warsaw.
- ICOMOS is a partner in the International Committee of the Blue Shield (ICBS), which works to protect the world’s cultural heritage threatened by wars and natural disasters.
Source- The Hindu
2. One of the three newly designated geological ages of the Holocene Epoch was named after Meghalaya
The International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS)
- The International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS), a body of geological timekeepers.
- Formed in 1974.
- It is the largest and oldest constituent scientific body in the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS).
- It had divided the Holocene Epoch, which began 11,700 years ago
- At the 8,200-year and 4,200-year points, thereby creating the Greenlandian, the Northgrippian and the Meghalayan Ages.
- The Holocene Epoch is the current period of geologic time.
- Another term that is sometimes used is the Anthropocene Epochbecause its primary characteristic is the global changes caused by human activity.
- It began approximately 11,650 cal years before present, after the last glacial period.
- The Holocene and the preceding Pleistocene together form the Quaternary period.
Source- The Hindu
3. President Kovind to inaugurate International Buddhist Conclave in New Delhi
International Buddhist Conclave
- The theme of the conclave is Buddha Path – The Living Heritage.
- The Conclave is being organized by the Ministry of Tourism in collaboration with the State Governments of Maharashtra, Bihar and Uttar Pradesh from 23rd – 26th August, 2018 at New Delhi and Ajanta (Maharashtra), followed by site visits to Rajgir, Nalanda and Bodhgaya (Bihar) and Sarnath (Uttar Pradesh).
- The aim of the Conclave is to showcase and project the Buddhist Heritage in India and boost tourism to the Buddhist sites in the country and cultivate friendly ties with countries and communities interested in Buddhism.
- Union Ministry of Tourism has been organizing International Buddhist Conclave
- The earlier International Buddhist Conclaves were organized in:
(a) New Delhi and Bodhgaya (February 2004)
(b) Nalanda and Bodhgaya (February 2010)
(c) Varanasi and Bodhgaya (September 2012)
(d) Bodhgaya and Varanasi (September 2014)
(e) Sarnath/Varanasi and Bodhgaya (October 2016)
4. HAL becomes first PSU to transact on TReDS
- The Receivables Exchange of India (RXIL) said Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) has become the first public sector enterprise to make a transaction on the “TReDS platform”.
- TReDS is an online electronic institutional mechanism for facilitating the financing of trade receivables of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) through multiple financiers.
- RXIL is India’s first TReDS platform.
- Operating since January 2017.
- Promoted by the National Stock Exchange, Small Industries Development Bank of India, State Bank of India, ICICI Bank and Yes Bank.
Source- Economic Times.
5. TRIFED makes record procurement and sale of tribal products in the month of July 2018
Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED)
- Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India Limited (TRIFED) is a national-level apex organization functioning.
- Since 1987.
- Under the administrative control of Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Government of India.
- Striving to promote the economic development of the Tribal communities of the country through marketing development and sustained upgradation of their skills and products.
- The approach involves capacity building, imparting need-based training, exploring marketing possibilities for products in national as well as international markets, brand building & creating opportunities for marketing on the sustainable basis.
- TRIFED’s sole objective is to bring about a multi-dimensional transformation of the tribal society and a shift in the perception of their existing image.
6. Kerala to get cyclone warning centre
- The Union Ministry of Earth Sciences has announced it will set up a cyclone warning centre in Kerala and boost weather forecasting in the state with another Doppler radar.
- The new centre will be set up in Thiruvananthapuram.
- At present, India Meteorological Centre (IMD) has six cyclone warning centres, four along the east coast at Chennai, Visakhapatnam, Bhubaneswar and Kolkata, and two along the west coast at Ahmedabad and Mumbai.
- The ministry has also proposed setting up another C-band Doppler weather radar at Mangalore to provide “nowcast” alerts for severe weather, including thunderstorms triggered by heavy rain for the next 2-3 hours.
- A Doppler radar is a specialized radar that uses the Doppler effect to produce velocity data about objects at a distance.
- It does this by bouncing a microwave signal off the desired target and analyzing how the object’s motion has altered the frequency of the returned signal.
This variation gives direct and highly accurate measurements of the radial component of a target’s velocity relative to the radar.
Doppler radars are used in aviation, sounding satellites, meteorology, radar guns, radiology and healthcare, nursing or clinic purpose, and bistatic radar (surface-to-air missiles).
Source- The Hindu
7. ILO report flags wage inequality in India
- Real average daily wages in India almost doubled in the first two decades after economic reforms, but low pay and wage inequality remain a serious challenge to inclusive growth, the International Labour Organization.
- The gender wage gap decreased from 48% in 1993-94 to 34% in 2011-12but still remains high by international standards.
- Of all worker groups, the average wages of casual rural female workers was the lowest, at just ₹104 a day.
International Labour Organization
- The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agencydealing with labour problems.
- Formed in 29th October 1919; 98 years ago.
- Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
- It is particularly for international labour standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
- The ILO has 187 member states: 186 of the 193 UN member states plus the Cook Islands are members of the ILO.
- The ILO registers complaints against entities that are violating international rules; however, it does not impose sanctions on governments.
- In 1969, the organisation received the Nobel Peace Prize.
Source- The Hindu
8. Iran unveils first domestic fighter jet
- Iran has unveiled first domestically manufactured fighter jet nicknamed Kowsar.
- It is a fourth-generation fighter, with “advanced avionics” and multi-purpose radar.
- Kowsar (or Kosar) is a medium-range, land-based anti-ship missile made by Iran.
- It can defeat electronic jamming systems and “cannot be thrown off course”.
- The Kowsar designation apparently (Missile Defense Advocacy Alliance 2006) is used to refer to two different missiles: Iranian-produced versions of the PRC C-701 and the TL-10A.
Source- The Hindu
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