- Centre to constitute the high-level committee to deal with mob lynching incidents
- Two high-level committees have been constituted by the Central government to suggest ways and legal framework to effectively deal with incidents of mob violence and lynching.
- The committees are headed by:
(a) Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh -They will submit their recommendations to the Prime Minister.
(b) Union Home Secretary Rajiv Gauba– They will submit the recommendations to a ministerial committee headed by the report to the government within four weeks.
- The Secretaries of the justice, legal affairs, legislative, and social justice and empowerment departments are members of the committee.
- The government has also decided to constitute a Group of Ministers (GoM) headed by Home Minister Singh to consider the recommendations of the high-level committee of the Secretaries.
- External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, Road Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari, Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad and Social Justice and Empowerment Minister Thawar Chand Gehlot are members of the Group of Ministers.
- ‘Police’ and ‘Public Order’ are State subjects as per the Constitutional scheme.
- The State governments are responsible for controlling crime, maintaining law and order, and protecting the life and property of the citizens.
- They are empowered to enact and enforce laws to curb crime in their jurisdiction.
Source- The Hindu
- Army to get K9 Vajra-T artillery guns
- The Army will be inducting two types of artillery guns into its arsenal. These will be the first induction of heavy artillery since the Swedish Bofors guns imported in the 1980s.
- The Army will start taking delivery of the K9 Vajra-T tracked self-propelled artillery guns from South Korea in September. It will also receive four M777 ultra-light howitzers from the S.
- The first 10 guns will be imported from South Korea and the rest manufactured by L&T in India.
- All the 100 guns will be delivered by November 2020
- K9 Vajra-T is a 155-mm, 52-calibre self-propelled artillery gun with a maximum range of 40 km, customised from the original K9 Thunder gun. The fire control system has been customised for desert conditions to the requirements of the Army.
- The M777 is a 155-mm, 39-calibre towed artillery gun and weighs just four tonnes, making it transportable underslung from helicopters.
Source- The Hindu
- NCERT to introduce QR code in textbooks
- The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has initiated the process of introducing QR code in textbooks, a move aimed at helping students understand chapters better by watching a film or reading additional content on laptops and digital boards.
- These will be mapped with the content of each textbook from class 1 to 12 and will be linked with QR code, which will be printed in the textbooks
- The codes are likely to be introduced from the 2019 academic session by when the required content would have been generated.
- The council is likely to consider a proposal to revise textbooks for young children to include identification of male and female genitalia.
- QR Code is a machine-readable code consisting of an array of black and white squares.
- It can be read by Smartphone camera.
- It can rotate 360 degrees with high-speed reading capability.
- It can store up to 7089 digits.
- It can carry information both horizontally and vertically.
- It has error correction capability.
Source- The Indian Express
- Lok Sabha passes National Council for Teacher Education (Amendment) Bill, 2017.
- The Lok Sabha passed the National Council for Teacher Education (Amendment) Bill to grant retrospective recognition to Central/State institutions that are conducting teacher education courses without NCTE approval.
- NCTE Act is seeking to provide approval to those institutions which are funded by the Centre or states, but do not have recognition under the 1993 law.
- The NCTE Act, 1993, came into force in 1995 and applies to all parts of India, except the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
- It is a statutory body to formally oversee standards, procedures and processes in the Indian education system.
- It is located in Delhi under the Department of Teacher Education and National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT).
Source- The Hindu
- Lok Sabha passed Negotiable Instruments (Amendment), Bill
- The Lok Sabha passed the Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Bill, 2017, which provides for allowing a court trying an offence related to cheque bouncing to direct the drawer to pay interim compensation to the complainant.
- The bill aims to counter the delaying tactics employed by people who want to avoid paying cheques issued by them.
- The interim compensation may be paid where the drawer pleads not guilty of the accusation.
- The compensation will not exceed 20 Percent of the cheque amount and will have to be paid by the drawer within 60 days of the court’s order.
- A negotiable instrument is a document guaranteeing the payment of a specific amount of money, either on demand or at a set time, with the payer usually named on the document.
- Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881 defines promissory notes, bills of exchange and cheques.
Source- The Hindu
- Odisha police launch drive to bust Pangolin smuggling racket
A special unit of the Odisha Police has launched a drive to bust an international syndicate with the help of the Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) that peddles “endangered” pangolin, one of the world’s most illegally traded mammals.
Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT)
MLAT is an agreement between nations to exchange information or provide legal assistance for enforcing laws.
- Pangolin is the most illegally traded vertebrate within its class of mammals.
- Of the eight species of pangolin across Africa and Asia, two are found in India:
- Chinese pangolin- “critically endangered” by IUCN Red List.
- Indian pangolin- “endangered” in IUCN Red List.
- They are typically elusive, shy creatures whose bodies are covered in hard, keratin scales.
- The Wildlife Protection Act (1972) categories it under Schedule 1.
Source- The Hindu
- NASA launches online toolkit to promote commercial use of satellite data
- NASA has launched an online toolkit to make it easier for users to find, analyse and utilise the most relevant satellite data for their research, business projects or conservation efforts.
- The “Remote Sensing Toolkit” provides a simple system that quickly identifies relevant sources based on user input.
- The toolkit is designed to help users search for data, as well as ready-to-use tools and code to build new tools.
Remote Sensing Toolkit
It is an online toolkit launched with an aim to make it easier for users to find, analyse and utilise the relevant satellite data for their research, business projects or conservation efforts. The toolkit provides a simple system that quickly identifies relevant sources based on user input.
Source- The Hindu
- All alien invasive species are guilty until proven innocent
Scientists believe, that weeding out the invasive and re-introducing the disappeared natives would somehow revive the old rhythms and patterns of the forest.
- An invasive alien species is a species that is not native to a specific location, and that has a tendency to spread to a degree believed to cause damage to the environment, human economy or human health.
- An alien species is a species introduced by humans – either intentionally or accidentally – outside of its natural past or present distribution, however not all alien species have negative impacts.
- Notable examples of alien invasive species :
- Water hyacinth
- Zebra mussels
- Ship rat
- Small Indian mongoose
- Yellow crazy ant
- American Bull FrogComb jellyfish and Zebra mussel
- Data breach incidents in India higher than the global average
- Data breach incidents in India have been higher compared to the global average, according to a survey conducted by defence grade technology maker Thales.
- This year’s India Data Threat Report 2018 emphasizes the need for change in security strategies to prevent the continuous increase in data breaches and also highlights privacy and data protection practices.
- The study found that Indian companies are adopting advanced technologies like big data, internet-of-things, mobile payments, blockchain at large levels.
- All companies surveyed in India were using cloud technology, with 92 Percent of respondents sharing sensitive data on the cloud system.
Internet of things(IoT)
- The term IoT encompasses everything connected to the internet, but it is increasingly being used to define objects that “talk” to each other. Simply, the Internet of Things is made up of devices – from simple sensors to smartphones and wearables – connected together.
- The blockchain is the technology the underpins digital currency (Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ethereum, and the like). It allows market participants to keep track of digital currency transactions without central recordkeeping. It allows digital information to be distributed, but not copied.
- Big data is data sets that are so big and complex that traditional data-processing application software is inadequate to deal with them.
Data Security Council of India (DSCI)
- Data Security Council of India (DSCI) is a premier industry body on data protection in India, set up by NASSCOM in August 2008.
- It is committed to making cyberspace safe, secure and trusted by establishing best practices, standards and initiatives in cybersecurity and privacy.