In this article we are sharing the ESE 2019 Notes of Current Issues – Day 02 , candidates are requested to read the article.
ESE 2019 Notes : General Studies And Engineering Aptitude
Exam – ESE 2019
Stage – Prelims Stage 01
Paper Code – ESE GS&EA
Topic – ESE 2019 Notes Current Issues
Sub Topic – ESE 2019 Notes Economy And Industrial Development
ESE 2019 Notes AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY
1. “Soil moisture map”
- With the rabi season around the corner, a countrywide forecast has been prepared. This forecast, following a joint exercise by IIT Gandhinagar and the India Meteorological Department (IMD), for the first time, provides
a country-wide soil moisture forecast. The experts used the ‘Variable Infiltration Capacity’ model to provide the soil moisture prediction.
- The product, termed ‘Experimental Forecasts Land Surface Products’, is available on the IMD website. It has been developed using the hydrological model that takes into consideration soil, vegetation, land use and land cover among other parameters.
- Based on observed conditions at present, Gujarat, parts of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Tamil Nadu and parts of Andhra Pradesh are deficient in terms of soil moisture right now.
Need for data on soil moisture:
- Soil moisture is crucial for agriculture since it directly affects crop growth and how much irrigation is required for the area.
- Soil moisture gives us more information on what is needed for crop growth in different parts of the country. Besides, timely soil moisture forecasts will help target interventions, in terms of seed varieties for better planning in agriculture.
2. FAO’s Future Policy Award 2018
- Sikkim has been awarded UN Food and Agriculture Organisation’s (FAO) Future Policy Gold Award (Gold Prize) for its achievement in becoming the world’s first totally organic agriculture state.
- Sikkim became the first fully organic state of India in 2016. Over the years around 75000 hectares of land in the state has been converted into certified organic farms following the guidelines as prescribed by National Programme for Organic Production.
- Organic cultivation doesn’t involve the use of chemical pesticides and fertilizers and thus helps to maintain a harmonious balance among the various complex ecosystems. Also it improves the quality of the soil which
further improves the standards of the crops produced there.
- In the long term, organic farming leads in subsistence of agriculture, bio-diversity health
Future Policy Gold Award:
- The prize, nicknamed the “Oscar for best policies”, honour exceptional policies adopted by political leaders who have decided to act, no longer accepting widespread hunger, poverty or environmental degradation.
- Previously it was honoured for policies combating desertification, violence against women and girls, nuclear weapons and pollution of the oceans.
3. Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution
- The World Economic Forum has announced its new Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution in India, which would aim to bring together the government and business leaders to pilot emerging technology policies.
- The centre would be based in Maharashtra and it has selected drones, artificial intelligence and blockchain as the first three project areas.
- As described by the founder and executive chairman of WEF, Klaus Schwab, “the fourth industrial revolution is a technological revolution that will fundamentally alter the way we live, work and relate to one another”.
- The revolution will be characterized by the advent of cyber-physical systems which, while being reliant on the technologies and infrastructure of the third industrial revolution, represent entirely new ways in which technology becomes embedded within societies and even our human bodies.Examples include genome editing, new forms of machine intelligence, and breakthrough approaches to governance that rely on cryptographic methods such as blockchain.